Volume 11, Issue 1

Volume 11, Issue 1 Print Edition


Introductory information from the editors

A group of people celebrate atop a mountain, looking at sunbeams shoot through the clouds

From the Editor

Andrew P. Lokie
Missouri State University

A protest outside the Capitol, someone holds a sign that says "Stop the Steal"

Civic Engagement in an Era of Divisive Politics and Civil Unrest

Carah Ong Whaley
James Madison University


Peer-reviewed, data-driven content from prominent scholars on public affairs

Democratic Isolation, Thin Citizenship, and Insurrection: A Theory

Kevin G. Lorentz, II
Saginaw Valley State University

Kimberly Saks McManaway
University of Michigan-Flint

Keywords: January 6th, democratic isolation, neoliberalism, perfect filtering, civic engagement, populism, COVID-19

A view of the capitol from the crowd of insurrectionists

A Democratic Norm Endures January 6th: Congress and Deference to States’ Election Certifications

Kevin R. Kosar
American Enterprise Institute

Elayne Allen
The Public Discourse

Keywords: Congress, Electoral Count Act, election, presidency, transition of power

A collection of survival gear, including a large knife, binoculars and compass

Performing Toxic Masculinity During the January 6th Insurrection

Karen M. Kedrowski
Iowa State University

Keywords: toxic masculinity, U.S. Capitol insurrection, democracy

A view of the Capitol from behind a tall, barbed fence

The Temple of Liberty as Fort Knox: The Securitization of Democratic Space in the U.S. Capitol

Alisa J. Rosenthal & Lauren C. Bell
Randolph-Macon College

Keywords: democratic space, U.S. Capitol, securitization, insurrection

A Christian cross rises imposingly into frame, while in the background a U.S. flag waves against dark clouds

Framing an Insurrection: A Typology of Responses by Evangelical Leaders   

Andrea C. Hatcher
Sewanee: The University of the South

Keywords: religion, communication, insurrection, clergy, social media, Christian nationalism

A digitally messy image with the words Post Truth in big lettering

Promoting Critical Reasoning: Civic Engagement in an Era of Divisive Politics and Civil Unrest

Kevin R. Meyer, Nathan J. Carpenter, and Stephen K. Hunt

Illinois State University

Keywords: civic engagement, antiracism, anti-extremism, digital literacy, post-truth

Close up of the U.S. Constitution

Bent but Not Broken: The Constitutional, Legal, and Procedural Issues in the 2020 Electoral College Vote Certification

Nicholas Kapoor
Fairfield University

Keywords: Electoral College, Trump, Biden, Congress, Pence, Constitution, Chiafalo, Federalist Papers, Hamilton, hyper-partisanship


Book Reviews, Research Notes, Instruments & Reports, Best Practice

Book cover with Trump taking off a mask

I Alone Can Fix It: Donald J. Trump’s Catastrophic Final Year, by Carol Leonnig and Philip Rucker

Kenneth W. Moffett
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Book review

Operation Chaos: The Trump Coup Attempt and the Campaign to Erode Democracy, by Kevin James Shay

Angelina Clapp
James Madison University

Book review

A crowd of men holding lit porch torches

Everything You Love Will Burn: Inside the Rebirth of White Nationalism in America, by Vegas Tenold

Benjamin H. Rao
Fort Hays State University

Book review

A couple of people examineat illustrations on a wall

Book Review: How Spaces Become Places: Place Makers Tell Their Stories, Edited by John F. Forester

Draya Sioux Woolf-Wilson
Capella University

Book review


Research Articles

University buildings and students enjoy the sunshine on a grassy forum

Promoting Civic and Community-Based Teaching Practices: An Exploratory Study of Collaborations Between Faculty Development Centers and Civic and Community Engagement Centers

James Morgan Lewing and Lisa M. Bunkowski
Texas A&M University-Central Texas

Keywords: faculty, community engagement, institutionalization

The Praxis of Realizing Election Imperatives in Trump’s America

Sayil Camacho
Vanderbilt University

Keywords: civic engagement, civic education, higher education, action research, election imperatives

Invited Essays

Hand-Selected Analysis And Evaluation Of The Issue Topic

University students on the way to class

The Commonwealth of Kentucky Takes an Important Step in Protecting Democracy

Ashish Vaidya
Northern Kentucky University

Keywords: voting rights, democracy, civic engagement

A dilapidated house in a black and white image

Vaccine Hesitancy and the Apocalypse

David M. Claborn
Missouri State University

Keywords: vaccine hesitancy, apocalypse, religion, public health


“Tell your Story,” Videos

Capitol Police Officer Harry A. Dunn | Radio Interview

JMU Civic interview with Capitol Police Officer Harry A. Dunn on his experiences defending democracy on January 6, 2021. “These people were minutes, seconds, feet away from hanging the Vice President. Just sit with that,” says Officer Dunn.  Officer Dunn has been speaking out for justice and accountability because, “People are trying to rewrite history right in front of us…Terrorism is what they did that day. In my mind, they’re coming back. We have to hold them accountable.”

CNN Correspondent Jim Acosta

CNN Correspondent Jim Acosta shares his initial reactions as he watched the January 6, 2021 violent attacks and insurrection unfold and discusses the implications of the January 6, 2021 violent attacks and the ongoing insurrection for democracy in America.

Walter Shaub on January 6, 2021 Insurrection

Walter Shaub, who leads the Ethics and Accountability Initiative at the Project on Government Oversight (POGO), shares his reactions to the January 6 Insurrection and discusses the ongoing insurrection for democracy in America.

January 6 Comprehensive Interactive Timeline Teaching Tool 

Leia Surrovell, Sarah Akers, Ryan Ritter, Carah Ong Whaley, Ph.D.

On January 6, 2021, a joint session of the U.S. Congress met to certify the electoral votes from the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Some members of the House and Senate challenged the votes from several states. As the two chambers convened separately to consider the first of these challenges, rioters – encouraged by then-President Donald J. Trump who repeatedly and erroneously claimed that there was widespread election fraud – stormed the U.S. Capitol, overwhelmed police, broke into offices, destroyed property, and threatened the lives of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-California) and Vice President Mike Pence (R-Indiana).

Below is a timeline leading up to and after the January 6, 2021 insurrection that includes primary and secondary sources in order to better understand the consequences and the threats posed to American democracy.


Extra Research

Additional Primary Sources 

Additional Primary Sources

• Department of Defense timeline beginning Jan 31 and ending when the Capitol building was secured
Department of Justice Capitol Breach Cases
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation “Capitol Violence” Wanted List
Washington Post Visual Timeline
American Bar Association 2020 Election Litigations
Insider News Searchable Table of People Charged in the Capitol Insurrection
Insider News Capitol insurrection guilty pleas
New York Times January 6, 2021 Police Radio Feed
Trump Twitter archive
Ballotpedia Election-related Lawsuits and Recounts
Executive Order 11485–Supervision and control of the National Guard of the District of Columbia
National Archives The 2020 Presidential Election Provisions of the Constitution and U.S. Code
Pew Research Center: A look back at Americans’ reactions to the Jan. 6 riot at the U.S. Capitol